AskDefine | Define parenthesis

Dictionary Definition

parenthesis

Noun

1 either of two punctuation marks (or) used to enclose textual material
2 a message that departs from the main subject [syn: digression, aside, excursus, divagation] [also: parentheses (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From parenthèse. From παρένθεσις

Pronunciation

  • /pəˈrɛnθəsɪs/

Noun

  1. A clause, phrase or word inserted (usually for explanation or amplification) into a passage which is already grammatically complete, and usually marked off with brackets, commas or dashes.
  2. A digression; the use of such digressions.
  3. Either of a pair of brackets, especially round brackets, ( and ), used to enclose parenthetical material in a text.
  4. In the context of "Mathematics|Logic": Such brackets as used to clarify expressions by grouping those terms affected by a common operator, or to enclose the components of a vector or the elements of a matrix.

Translations

a clause, phrase or word inserted into a passage which is already grammatically complete
(Rhetoric) a digression; the use of such digressions
either of a pair of brackets
both round brackets
  • Greek: παρένθεση
(mathematics, logic) brackets used to clarify expressions by grouping terms affected by a common operator
  • Finnish: sulkeet

Extensive Definition

Parenthesis may be:
  • Parenthesis, either of the curved-bracket ( ) punctuation marks that together make a set of parentheses
  • Parenthesis (rhetoric), an explanatory or qualifying word, clause, or sentence
NOTE: Curly brackets and Square brackets [] are NOT CALLED parentheses.
parenthesis in German: Klammer
parenthesis in French: Accolade

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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